Pregnancy

A mother's joy begins when new life is stirring inside... when a tiny heartbeat is heard for the very first time, and a playful kick reminds her that she is never alone."

Congratulations on this exciting journey of your life! You have so much to think about during pregnancy but don't forget about your teeth and gums. It may be easy to overlook your mouth, but pregnancy can actually make some dental problems worse.

Giving your dentist your history is must such as previous miscarriages, cramping or spotting. This warrants consultation with the obstetrician prior to initiating dental treatment.

Optimum oral hygiene consists of nutritional counseling and rigorous plaque control measures.

Brushing and flossing contributes to your overall health, too, and if your mouth is healthy, it’s more likely that your baby’s mouth will be healthy.

Pregnancy

This is a very important and critical stage of your life.Even if you have never visited a dentist before,The IDA recommends that you take your dentists appointment for a happy and healthy smile.

Healthy Habits

Being pregnant: Pregnancy comes with many responsibilities—and oral hygiene is no exception. For most women, routine dental visits are safe during pregnancy, but let your dental office know what month you are in when you make your appointment. If yours is a high-risk pregnancy or you have some other medical condition, your dentist and your physician may recommend that the treatment be postponed. Be sure to let your dentist know if there is any change in the medications you take or if you have received any special advice from your physician. The benefits of receiving dental care during pregnancy far outweighs potential risks.
Be sure to keep your dentist informed: Inform your dentist about of any changes in your mouth such as swelling, redness or bleeding.

Tips for maintaining a healthy mouth during pregnancy:

The IDA recommends that you brush thoroughly with a toothpaste containing fluoride containing toothpaste twice a day.

Floss between your teeth daily.

Bursh Teeth


Floss Teeth

Floss Healthy Habit

Flossing

Eat a balanced diet. If you snack, do so in moderation.

Visit your dentist regularly for a professional cleaning and check- up.

If you need help controlling plaque, your dentist may recommend rinsing at night with an antimicrobial mouth rinse.

If you have morning sickness and are vomiting frequently, try rinsing with a teaspoon of baking soda mixed with water. If possible, avoid tooth brushing directly after vomiting when stomach acids repeatedly come into contact with teeth, the effects of erosion can eventually cause tooth enamel to wear away.

Refrain from smoking /drinking and drugs.

Remain Stress Free: Being happy,peaceful and content is the key to good health.

Refrain Smoking During Pregnancy

Nutrition Tips

A pregnant mother eats for two,her baby and herself.

Did you know that a baby’s teeth begin to develop between the third and sixth months of pregnancy? That's why making smart food choices now can help set your child up to have a Happy smile Healthy smile for Life. The IDA recommends that during your pregnancy a sufficient quantity of nutrients—especially vitamins A,B, C, and D, protein, calcium and phosphorous—are needed.

Nutrition Tips
List of tips to follow during pregnancy:

Eat a variety of healthy foods, such as fruits; vegetables; whole- grain products such as cereals, breads or crackers; and dairy products like milk, cheese, cottage cheese or unsweetened yogurt.

Nutrition Tips

Refrain from Eat fewer foods high in sugar, including candy, cookies, cake, and dried fruit; and avoid drinks fewer beverages high in sugar, including juice, fruit- flavored drinks, or soft drinks.

Nutrition Tips

For snacks, choose foods low in sugar such as fruits, vegetables, cheese and unsweetened yogurt.

Nutrition Tips

Read food labels so you can choose foods lower in sugar.

If you have trouble with nausea, try eating small amounts of healthy foods throughout the day.

Drink water or milk instead of juice, fruit-flavored drinks or soft drinks.

Nutrition Tips

Drink water throughout the day, especially between meals and snacks.

To reduce the risk of birth defects, get 600 micrograms of folic acid each day throughout your pregnancy. Take a dietary supplement of folic acid and eat foods high in folate and foods fortified with folic acids, including:
Asparagus, broccoli and leafy green vegetables such as lettuce and spinach

Nutrition Tips
Legumes (beans, peas, lentils)

Papaya, tomato juice, oranges or orange juice, strawberries, cantaloupe and bananas Nutrition Tips
Grain products fortified with folic acid (breads, cereals, cornmeal, flour, pasta, white rice.)

Deficiency of these nutrients affects tooth development in various ways:

Calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D :Hard structure of tooth is less mineralized

Vitamin A :Reduced enamel formation

Flouride:Increased demineralization of tooth in acidic environment

Excess flouride:Leads to Fluorosis.

Concerns Unique to You

Tell your dentist if you are pregnant. As a precautionary measure, dental treatments during the first trimester and second half of the third trimester should be avoided as much as possible. These are critical times in the baby's growth and development and it's simply wise to avoid exposing the mother to procedures that could in any way influence the baby's growth and development. However, routine dental care can be received during the second trimester. All elective dental procedures should be postponed until after the delivery.

Tell your dentist the names and dosages of all drugs you are taking – including medications and prenatal vitamins prescribed by your doctor – as well as any specific medical advice your doctor has given you. Your dentist may need to alter your dental treatment plan based on this information. Certain drugs -- such as tetracycline -- can affect the development of your child's teeth and should not be given during pregnancy.

The IDA recommends that you don't skip your dental checkup appointment simply because you are pregnant. Now more than any other time, regular periodontal (gum) exams are very important because pregnancy causes hormonal changes that put you at increased risk for periodontal disease and for tender gums that bleed easily – a condition called pregnancy gingivitis. Pay particular attention to any changes in your gums during pregnancy. If tenderness, bleeding or gum swelling occurs at any time during your pregnancy, talk with your dentist or periodontist as soon as possible.

Oral health problems during Pregnancy

Pregnancy Gingivitis

Concerns Unique To You

Your mouth can be affected by the hormonal changes you will experience during pregnancy. For example, some women develop a condition known as “pregnancy gingivitis,” an inflammation of the gums that can cause swelling and tenderness.

Your gums also may bleed a little when you brush or floss. Left untreated, gingivitis can lead to more serious forms of gum disease. Your dentist may recommend more frequent cleanings to prevent this.

Medications

Some drugs can be used during and after dental treatment to make you more comfortable. Inform your dentist of any prescription or over-the-counter drug you are taking. This will help your dentist determine what type of drug, if any, will be prescribed for you. Your dentist can consult with your physician to determine the drugs—such as painkillers or antibiotics—you may safely take during the pregnancy. Discuss any concerns with your dentist and physician. Both are concerned about you and your baby.

X-Rays
Concerns Unique

It’s possible you’ll need an X-ray if you suffer a dental emergency or need a dental problem diagnosed. Although, radiation from dental X-rays is extremely low, your dentist or hygienist will cover you with a leaded apron that minimizes exposure to the abdomen. Your dental office will also cover your throat with a leaded thyroid collar to protect the thyroid from radiation.

Pregnancy Tumors
Concerns Unique

In some women, overgrowths of tissue called “pregnancy tumors” appear on the gums, most often during the second trimester. These non- cancerous growths or swellings are usually found between the teeth and are believed to be related to excess plaque. They bleed easily and have a red, raw-looking raspberry- like appearance. They usually disappear after your baby is born, but if you are concerned, talk to your dentist about removing them. If you notice pregnancy tumors or any other changes in your mouth during pregnancy, see your dentist.

Ptylism/Sialorrhea: A relatively rare finding among pregnant women is excessive secretion of saliva, known as ptyalism or sialorrhea. It usually begins at two to three weeks of gestation and may abate at the end of the first trimester. In some instances, it continues until the day of delivery.

Caries: Clinical studies suggest that pregnancy does not contribute directly to the carious process. It can be attributed to an increase in local cariogenic factors as pregnancy causes an increase in appetite and often a craving for unusual foods. If these cravings are for cariogenic foods, then the pregnant woman could increase her caries risk.

Acid erosion of teeth (perimylolysis): Acid erosion of teeth is the result of repeated vomiting associated with morning sickness or esophageal reflux. This erodes the enamel on the back of the front teeth. Women can be instructed to rinse the mouth with water immediately after vomiting so that stomach acids do not remain in the mouth.

Tooth mobility: Generalised tooth mobility may also occur in the pregnant patient. Tooth mobility can be defined as ' the degree of looseness of a tooth'.This change is probably related to the degree of periodontal disease disturbing the attachment of the gum and bone to the tooth. This condition usually reverses after delivery.

Xerostomia: Some pregnant women complain of mouth dryness. Hormonal alterations associated with pregnancy are a possible explanation. More frequent consumption of water and sugarless candy and gum may help alleviate this problem.

See Your Dentist

The IDA recommends that it’s important to continue to see your dentist during pregnancy for oral examinations and professional teeth cleanings. Make sure to tell your dentist that you are pregnant and about any changes you have noticed in your oral health. Good daily care is vital. That means always brushing your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, cleaning between your teeth once a day, eating a balanced diet and limiting between- meal snacks.

See Your Dentist

See Your Dentist

Your Mouth is the mirror to your health and your dentist could help you detect any generalized health issues at an early stage.